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Selenium Benefits for Women: Improving Hormone and Thyroid Health

selenium benefits for women


Selenium, a trace mineral, is essential for women’s health, particularly in maintaining hormonal balance and thyroid function. This crucial nutrient, needed in small quantities, plays a significant role in various aspects of well-being. It is key to reproductive health, immune function, and combating oxidative stress – all of which are vital for women’s overall health.

Taking a closer look at selenium reveals its importance in sustaining hormonal equilibrium and promoting thyroid health, critical elements of female well-being. This article will explore the diverse benefits of selenium, with a specific emphasis on how it uniquely supports women’s health.


What Does Selenium Do to a Women’s Body?

Selenium is integral to women’s physiological well-being. It bolsters reproductive health by aiding in hormone production and regulation. In the immune system, selenium acts as a powerful antioxidant, reducing oxidative stress and protecting cells from damage.

This function is particularly beneficial in combating free radicals that can accelerate aging and contribute to various health issues. Selenium’s influence extends to enhancing immune response, helping the body fight infections more effectively.


Main Selenium Benefits for Women


Hormone Balance

Selenium’s influence on hormone balance in women is profound and multifaceted. It directly impacts the thyroid gland’s functionality, a gland pivotal in hormone regulation affecting various body processes. By facilitating efficient thyroid hormone synthesis, selenium ensures the smooth running of metabolic activities. It plays a key role in modulating mood and energy levels, crucial for mental and physical well-being.

Additionally, selenium’s involvement in reproductive health is significant. It aids in regulating menstrual cycles and mitigates the risk of hormonal imbalances, affecting fertility and overall reproductive health.


Improving Thyroid Health

The importance of selenium in thyroid health cannot be overstated. It is essential in producing and regulating thyroid hormones, notably T3 and T4, which are critical for regulating the body’s metabolic rate, heart function, digestion, and brain development. Adequate selenium intake supports the conversion of T4 into the more active T3, enhancing metabolic efficiency and energy production.

This mineral’s antioxidant properties also protect the thyroid gland from oxidative stress and potential damage, thereby reducing the risk of thyroid-related disorders such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and hypothyroidism, conditions that disproportionately affect women. Therefore, regular and appropriate selenium consumption is vital in maintaining thyroid health and preventing the onset of these common thyroid issues in women.


Recommended Selenium Dosage for Women

The recommended daily intake for adult women typically averages about 55 micrograms (mcg). However, this requirement shifts during different life stages.

For instance, during pregnancy, the body’s need for selenium increases due to its role in fetal development and maternal health, raising the recommended intake to 60 mcg daily. This uptick in requirement continues through the breastfeeding period, with a recommended daily dosage of 70 mcg to support both the mother’s and the baby’s nutritional needs.

Women must adhere to these recommended dosages to maintain the delicate balance of selenium. Overconsumption can lead to selenium toxicity, whereas insufficient intake might leave them deprived of its essential health benefits. The dosages can also vary based on individual health conditions, dietary patterns, and geographical factors related to selenium availability in soil and food. Women with certain health conditions, such as thyroid disorders, might require a tailored dosage, which should be determined in consultation with a healthcare provider.


Can All Women Take Selenium?

Selenium, though essential and beneficial for many aspects of women’s health, is not universally suitable for all women. Certain health conditions or specific circumstances can influence whether selenium supplementation is safe or necessary.


  • Women with Pre-existing Health Conditions: Women with certain medical conditions, especially those related to the thyroid, such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis or Graves’ disease, should exercise caution. Selenium can interact with thyroid function, and a healthcare professional should closely monitor any supplementation.
  • Allergies and Sensitivities: Women with a known allergy or sensitivity to selenium or any compounds containing selenium should avoid supplementation. Even without known allergies, seeking medical advice immediately is crucial if adverse reactions occur upon starting supplementation.
  • Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Pregnant and breastfeeding women have increased selenium needs, but they also must be cautious about the amount they consume. While selenium is crucial for fetal development and maternal health, too much can be harmful. Therefore, it’s imperative to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the correct dosage during these stages.
  • Women Undergoing Medical Treatments: Those undergoing treatments such as kidney dialysis or those with conditions like HIV may have altered selenium requirements and metabolism. Such individuals should consult their healthcare providers to understand if and how much selenium supplementation is needed.
  • Consideration of Dietary Intake: Women who consume a diet rich in selenium may not need additional supplementation. Overconsumption can lead to toxicity, so it’s important to consider dietary sources before starting supplements.
  • Geographical Factors: Women living in areas with low selenium soil content might have a higher risk of deficiency and could benefit more from supplementation than those in selenium-rich regions.


While selenium supplementation can offer numerous health benefits, it’s not a one-size-fits-all solution. Women should consider their individual health status, dietary habits, and life circumstances and seek professional medical advice to make informed decisions about selenium supplementation.


Best Selenium Supplements for Women

When considering selenium supplementation, women must choose products that align with their health goals. Several options are available at NHC’s store, each tailored to cater to the unique needs of women’s health. Factors such as absorption rates and additional nutrients should be considered when selecting the right supplement. Here are some notable selenium supplements available:


  • Pure Encapsulations Selenium (selenomethionine): This product contains 200mcg of selenomethionine selenium per capsule, focusing on antioxidant support and thyroid health.
  • Dr. Mercola Zinc Plus Selenium: Combining selenium and zinc, this supplement supports cell health, immune function, cognitive health, metabolism, and vision.
  • Life Extension Super Selenium Complex 200 Mcg: Offering a blend of three selenium forms with vitamin E, this supplement aims to enhance overall health.


These supplements are formulated with women’s health needs in mind, particularly about hormonal balance and thyroid health. However, women should consult with healthcare professionals before starting any new supplement regimen to ensure it aligns with their health profiles and goals.


Bottom Line

Incorporating selenium into your dietary routine can be a valuable step in supporting women’s health. Its contributions to hormone balance and thyroid health are essential for overall well-being. To reap these benefits, remember that the recommended daily intake of selenium varies by age and life stage, with higher requirements during pregnancy and breastfeeding. If you have specific health concerns or conditions, it’s advisable to consult healthcare professionals before beginning selenium supplementation. By doing so, you can optimize your health and take proactive steps toward a balanced and thriving lifestyle.


FAQ Section


What is selenium’s role in women’s health?

Selenium is a vital micronutrient that plays a significant role in maintaining hormonal balance, bolstering immune function, and supporting reproductive health in women.


How does selenium affect thyroid function?

Selenium is essential for thyroid health as it actively contributes to the production and regulation of thyroid hormones. These hormones are crucial for metabolic balance, energy production, and overall hormonal equilibrium.


Can selenium improve female hormonal balance?

Absolutely. Selenium’s role in thyroid function makes it a key player in maintaining hormonal equilibrium, particularly concerning women’s health.


Are there risks in taking selenium supplements?

While selenium supplements offer numerous benefits, it’s important to exercise caution. Overconsumption or the failure to consider individual health conditions can pose risks. It’s advisable to consult healthcare professionals before starting any supplementation regimen.


Can pregnant women safely take selenium?

Pregnant women can safely incorporate selenium into their diets. However, it’s essential for them to consult healthcare professionals to determine the appropriate dosage and address their unique nutritional requirements during pregnancy.