When most people think of exercise they probably think about aerobic exercise. You might think of walking, biking, running or swimming; all of which are aerobic exercises. You may not have ever even heard of anaerobic exercise and don’t know what the difference between anaerobic and aerobic exercise is. Let me explain!
According to Harvard Health, aerobic exercise is “muscle movement that uses oxygen to burn both carbohydrates and fats to produce energy.” Anaerobic exercise is “muscle movement that does not require oxygen and only burns carbohydrates to produce energy.”
As I mentioned, aerobic exercise uses oxygen in its energy production. Activities can include walking, biking or swimming. These activities can cause your heart rate and breathing to temporarily increase. Aerobic exercise is long-duration exercise with low-moderate intensity that can help build endurance. Benefits of aerobic exercise include:
- Weight management
- Strengthened immune system
- Improved cardiovascular health
- Chronic conditions management
- Aerobic exercise may help control blood pressure and blood sugar. It can also help improve your good (HDL) cholesterol
When you think of anaerobic exercise, think of short bursts of high-intensity activity. This can include weight-lifting, sprinting, jumping or any other exercise that is short in duration and high in intensity. Benefits of anaerobic exercise can include:
- Increased lean muscle mass
- People who are physically inactive can lose 3%-5% of their muscle mass per decade after age 30 which makes it so important to incorporate regular strength training into your exercise routine.
- Increased bone density.
- Weight bearing exercises (such as weight lifting) can help strengthen bones and improve bone density. This may decrease your risk for osteoporosis.
- Boosts metabolism.
- This may be the best benefit. You’ve probably heard the saying “muscle weights more than fat” but muscle also burns more calories than fat too! The muscle mass you build from strength training will help you burn more calories throughout the day, even when you’re sitting at your desk working.
What it Means for Your Workout Program
If you’re wondering what to include in your workout program the answer is simple…both! A balanced workout program should include both aerobic and anaerobic activities. A combination of aerobic and anaerobic exercise can help improve your endurance and increase your strength.
What are your favorite forms of exercise? Leave a comment below!